Fiddle Heads are the Unfurled Young Fronds of the Fern Plant.
Fiddlehead Ferns
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FiddleheadsFiddlehead Ferns or Fiddlehead Greens are from the plant family: Dryopteridacae. The part we eat is the still curled fronds of a young fern that have not yet unfurled to become a new frond for the plant.

Fiddleheads are foraged for use as a Garnish or as a Vegetable. As you can see from the picture they get their name from their resemblance to the curled ornamentation on a fiddle.

Crunchy. Bright green in color when fully grown (can be a bright purple color).

Season

In North America, Fiddlehead Ferns are considered with the Spring Fruits & Vegetables and are usually only available in the market for a few weeks in the Spring. Because they are foraged, they are fairly expensive.

Pickled and frozen, Fiddleheads can be found in some shops year-round.

Varieties

Types of Ferns which can be foraged include: Ostrich FernBracken Fern
Cinnamon FernRoyal FernFlowering Fern, and the Vegetable Fern. The Ostrich Fern and Bracken Fern are thought to contain low amounts of an as yet unidentified toxin. Because Ferns are foraged be extra careful when sourcing your Fiddleheads.

Culinary Uses

The Fiddleheads are used widely in both Asia and North America. In Canada and the United States, they are sometimes referred to as ostrich ferns. These plants are prized for their culinary uses, but they must be thoroughly cooked in order to neutralize the toxins and acids that they naturally carry.

When cooking Fiddleheads, one must first remove all the yellow/brown skin, then Boil the sprouts. Changing the water between the Boiling process, is a good way to Reduce the bitterness of the plant and will help to eliminate toxins. The ferns are cooked a number of ways worldwide, but many chefs prefer a light Steaming method so that they maintain their crispness and texture. Fiddleheads are commonly used as an additive for Soups and Sauces.

Nutrition

Fiddleheads are a good source of AntioxidantsOmega 3 & Omega 6Fiddleheads are also high in PotassiumIron and Fiber.

Gluten Free

Yes

Low Fat

Yes

Low Calorie

Yes