Culinary Nuts
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Resources > Food > Culinary Nuts
Our English word “Almond” comes from the Old French word “Almande” or “Alemande” which in turn is derived from the Latin word “Amandula” which in turn again is from the Greek “Amygdala,” meaning an Almond. The “Al” sound...
Wild Almonds are known as Bitter Almonds (Prunus dulcis var. amara) because the kernel contains bitter Prussic Acid which will produce poisonous cyanide when it comes in contact with water, even the water in saliva. Eating even a handful (un-leached) at one sitting can be...
The Brazil Nut, also called the butternut, cream nut, Para nut, or castanea, is the Seed of a tree (Bertholletia excelsa) in the family Lecythidaceae and is a close biological relative of the Blueberry, Cranberry, Gooseberry and Persimmon. The Brazil Nut is not actually a true tree...
The Cashew Tree (Anacardium occidentale) is originally from Northeastern Brazil is a member of the Anacardiaceae family and is closely related to the Mango, Pistachio, and strangely enough, poison ivy. The Cashew Tree yields both Cashew Apples and Cashew Nuts as crops. In a natural...
Macadamia Nuts, also called Bush Nuts, Maroochi Nuts, Queen of Nuts, Hawaiian Nuts and Mac Nuts, are another of the Culinary Nuts, which are not actually Nuts but instead the Seeds of a Drupe Fruit of an evergreen shrub and/or tree in the family Proteaceae genus Macadamia. The genus name...
The “Marcona” Almond is a particular cultivar of Almond that is popular in Spain. Marcona Almonds have short, round kernels and are a relatively Sweet Almond. Culinary Uses The traditional Spanish preparation of Marcona Almonds is to lightly Pan Fry them in Oil. Marcona...
A Peanut (Arachis hypogaea), also known as Ground Nuts, Goober Peas, Earthnuts, Pinders, Monkey Nuts, Pygmy Nuts or Pig Nuts are another of the classic non-nut, Nuts. Peanuts look like a nut, have a shell like a nut and are still, nonetheless, biologically a Legume from the Fabaceae...
The Pecan Tree (Carya illinoinensis) is a member of the Hickory family and grows in South & Central North America. Since 1919, it has been the state tree of Texas. The Pecan Nut is not actually a true tree Nut but instead the seed of a drupe fruit (a fruit with a single stone or...
Pine Nuts really do come from pine cones and they are fairly tough to extract which is why you pay such a pretty penny for them at the grocery store where they can be purchased in a bulk pack. Most Pine Nuts are fairly tiny, about ½ inch (1 centimeter), and 2.5 ounces of pine nuts...
What we call a Pistachio Nut is actually the drupe fruit of the Pistachio Tree, and not a biological Nut at all. The drupe fruit has a whitish exterior shell and contains an elongated Seed. Because the differences only really matter to a biologist and because we use Pistachios in the...
Roasted Pecan Nuts make a great snack or ingredient. Availability Roasted Pecans are available all year long. Culinary Uses Roasting emboldens the Pecan flavor of the Pecan Nuts. Pecans can be Wet Roasted in the oven, as we describe here or they can be Dry Roasted which we...
Runner Peanuts are one of the four dominant commercial Peanut types. They are obviously a Runner Type of Peanut but are not a specific variety but a group of many varieties. Production Runner Peanuts have a good flavor, a medium size, better roasting characteristics, and higher...
Spanish Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea subsp. fastigiata var. vulgaris) are a Bunch Type of Peanut and one of the four most popular types of Peanuts grown for commercial use today. They are sometimes called “Red Skins” because of their reddish skin which adheres to the Spanish...
Varieties Almonds come in two types: Sweet Almonds (Prunus Dulcis)and Bitter Almonds. Almost all of the commercially grown Almonds are Sweet Almonds. Bitter Almonds contain Prussic Acid which can produce poisonous Cyanide. Culinary Uses Sweet Almonds are often Roasted (or Blanched) and...
Valencia Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea subsp. fastigiata var. fastigiata) first came from Argentina but were further developed in Spain. Valencia Peanuts, mostly grown in New Mexico, only make up about 1% of the domestic U.S. Peanut market. They are the sweetest of the 4 commercial Peanut...
Virginia Peanuts are a Runner Type of Peanut and are one of the 4 dominant commercial cultivars of Peanut. The Virginia Peanut was brought from the West Indies to Mexico by Spanish explorers. They were then imported into the United States. Production Virginia Peanuts have the...
A Walnut is not technically a Nut but actually an edible, round drupe fruit of any Walnut Tree (of the genus Juglans). Noted cultivars of the Walnut Tree are the Persian Walnut Tree, the Black Walnut Tree and the English Walnut Tree. The meaty walnut is actually the single Seed or Kernel...