Carolina Gold Rice
Resources > Food > Grains > Rice > Carolina Gold Rice

Are you a Smart Kitchen™ Chef?

Try it FREE or take a TOUR to explore Smart Kitchen!
+ -

 

Rice had a hard time taking hold in the New World mostly because early settlers were English and used to the process of growing Wheat.

The success of the original Carolina Gold Rice was reportedly a fluke. Apparently, a schooner, homeward bound from Africa, was shipwrecked on the Carolina coast around 1685 to 1694 and an airtight cargo of African Madagascar Rice was salvaged and planted. Because there were native Africans involved in the process this time the Rice planting took hold.

By 1690 Rice cultivation was well established in the Carolinas where the beautiful Long Grain Rice flourished, was recognized as some of the best in the world, and produced significant wealth for the planters. The African Rice strain’s hardiness, along with a work force used to its needs, allowed Rice to finally flourish in North America. Processing was manual, aided by wooden paddles, until the Rice Mill was invented in 1787.

In the 1850’s Rice cultivation spread to Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Over time it also reached Arkansas then Texas which are both currently major Rice growing areas. In fact, today Arkansas produces the largest Rice crop in the U.S.

The Civil War and the loss of slave labor doomed the rice plantations and ultimately the Carolina Long Grain Rice was lost. Coastal Rice production declined and finally ceased around 1900.

In 2011 though, Anson Mills (the link goes to Anson Mills), a South Carolina company specializing in Heirloom Grains, began milling Charleston Gold Rice, a new Rice type based on the Carolina Long Grain Rice. They created their strain by crossing Carolina Gold Rice with a longer grained Basmati Rice-like plant. Reportedly, the new strain is intensely nutty.

Low Fat

Yes

Low Calorie

Yes