Chicken Breeds
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Resources > Food > Meat > Poultry > Chicken Breeds
The Ameraucana Chicken is an Egg laying Chicken, classified as an Other Standard Chicken Breed. Like the similarly named Araucana Chicken, the Ameraucanas Chicken also lays medium-sized, blue eggs (about 3 a week). Instead of ear tufts (like gaudy feather ear rings), the...
American Chickens are a classification used to describe breeds that were primarily developed in America. American Chickens have a reputation as being dual purpose Chickens; that is, American Chickens tend to be efficient at both Egg and Meat production. Varieties American...
The Ancona Chicken is a Mediterranean Chicken that hails from the town of Ancona, Italy where it was bred for centuries before being exported to England about 1850 and to America around 1888 by Francis A. Mortimer of Pottsville, PA. Ancona Chickens weigh in around 6 lbs (2.7 kg)...
The Andalusian Chicken is an ancient breed, likely rooted in the Castilian Chicken Breed, and as such is classified as a Mediterranean Chicken. Andalusian Chickens are easily spotted by their blue-colored plumage and white ear lobes. The cocks weigh around 7 lbs (3.2 kg) and the...
The Araucana Chicken, also known as the South American Rumpless Chicken, is an unusual, dual purpose/utility Chicken that is classified with the Other Standard Chicken Breeds and not in one of the 5 main classes of chicken. The Araucanas’ ancestors were purportedly first bred by the...
The original Asiatic Chicken was the small Chinese Black, which originated in Taihe, China. Humans have raised Asiatic Chickens for more than 2,000 years. Chinese Black chickens were short with a small head, a short neck and a black tongue. They were not layers. Chinese black...
The Australorp Chicken is an Australian chicken breed, developed from the Orpington Chicken, but classified as an English Chicken. Culinary Uses The Australorp Chicken has black feathers with a green sheen and is an Egg producer that begins laying at 5 months. It can lay up to 300...
Bantam Chickens are smaller Chicken breeds or smaller versions of conventional breeds. They were originally bred for their aggressive natures, to excel at cock fighting. Varieties Bantam Chickens include: Booted Bantam, Belgian Mille Fleur, Belgian d’Anver, Belgian...
The Barnvelder Chicken is classified as a Continental Chicken because this little bird was originally from the town of Barnvelder in Holland. Today it is the most popular dual purpose/utility breed in the country of Holland because it does well in damp, cold, windy climates. The...
Brahma Chickens (not to be confused with Brahma Cattle) are referred to as the “King of All Poultry” because of their size, strength and vigor. The Brahma is known as an Asiatic Chicken, even though it was bred in America and England from Chinese Black Chicken...
As you may have guessed, Buckeye Chickens were developed in the state of Ohio. They were developed by Mrs. Nettie Metcalf from Warren, Ohio before 1896. Mrs. Metcalf mated a buff colored Chochin Chicken Rooster with a barrel colored Plymouth Chicken hen. She was not happy with the...
The Chantecler Chicken is considered an American Chicken but should more accurately be called a North American one, since it was developed in Canada around 1908 by Brother Wilfred Chatelain of the Cistercian Abbey in Oka, Quebec. The name comes from the fabled French, rooster...
Commercial Chickens Breeds are sorted into 4 major productive classes: Asiatic Chickens, English Chickens, American Chickens, Continental Chickens and Mediterranean Chickens. Bantam Chickens, Indian Chickens and Junglefowls remain outside any of the other categories. There are also a few...
Cochin Chickens (pronounced “coach-ins”) are an Asiatic Chicken that was bred at least 150 years ago in Shanghai, China. The Cochin Chickens were known for their laying and meat production. In fact, in the 1840’s and 1850’s, when families often raised their own...
The Continental Chickens are grouped together because they are all of European extraction. Most are exotic looking and have crests. A few are dual purpose, some are primarily layers, and others are known as decorative breeds. Varieties Continental Chicken breeds include: The...
The Cornish Chicken, also known as the Indian Game Chicken or Indian Game Fowl, is a "hard feathered" breed, with a plumage that sits very close to the body. Cornish Chickens carry a small pea comb. The Cornish Chicken is a very sturdy, heavy breed (Males may reach 10.5...
Despite the name, a Cornish Game Hen (also known as a Rock Cornish Game Hen), is not from Cornwall, not a Game Bird and not necessarily even a Hen. Cornish Game Hens are essentially a 1950’s breeding experiment that became a Tyson marketing ploy which actually yields some tasty and...
The Delaware Chicken is a medium-sized American Chicken breed that was developed in the State of Delaware, originally as “Indian River Chickens,” by George Ellis in 1940. It was bred from a cross of a barred Plymouth Rock Chicken rooster and a New Hampshire Chicken hen....
The Dorking Chicken is an ancient Chicken breed that dates back to the Roman occupation of Britain, when they were imported by the Roman conquerors. Dorking Chickens are easily identified because they have 5 toes, instead of the more normal 4 on other chicken breeds. Production On...
English Chickens are breeds that are either native to England or which have been improved upon by the English. English Chickens are known as “Utility” Chickens and tend to have very good “Fleshing,” or growth capabilities. Varieties English Chicken breeds...
Despite its name, the Hamburg Chicken, a layer, was developed in Holland and not Hamburg, Germany. They are small Chickens, averaging 4 to 5 lbs (1.8 kg to 2.3 kg) in weight. In England they are called the “Dutch Everyday Layers” (sometimes just “Everlayers”)...
Despite its name, the Holland Chicken is an American Chicken that was developed in the 1930’s and 1940’s to be a dual-purpose/utility chicken by the Rutger’s Breeding Farm. The goal was a Chicken that would be useful for both Egg Production (medium-large white eggs) and...
The Houdan Chicken is a large (averaging 8 lbs) Continental Chicken originally from France. They are striking birds with a v-shaped comb, a crest, muffs and a beard. Houdan Chickens come in white or mottled colors. They are close cousins of Crevecoeur Chickens and Polish...
Indian Chickens are a classification of domestic chicken that describes chickens native to India or bred in India. Varieties Indian Chickens include: Kadaknath, Aseel, Naked Neck, Nicobari, Punjab Brown, Ankaleswar, Kashmir Favorolla, Miri, & Chittagong. Culinary Uses Most...
The Ixworth Chicken breed was developed in 1932 and is native to the village of Ixworth in Suffolk, England. The Ixworth Chicken was bred from white Sussex Chickens, Minorca Chickens, Orpington Chickens and Cornish Chickens (also called Indian Game Chickens). Culinary Uses The...
The Java Chicken is thought to be the second oldest of the American Chicken class and has been known in The United States since 1835. It was named Java Chicken because the ancestors of this breed of Chicken are believed to have come from the Isle of Java. The Java Chicken, in turn, was...
The Jersey Giant Chicken is a large, calm and docile breed and an American Chicken that originated in New Jersey. Jersey Giant Chickens are the largest of the pure-bred, domestic Chicken breeds. The roosters can average 13 lbs (5.9 kg) and the hens can average 11 lbs (5 kg). Jersey Giant...
Junglefowl refers to native, ancestral Chicken breeds. They are not used in commercial Egg production or Meat production, though their progeny are. Varieties Junglefowls, (the ancestral chickens) include: Red Junglefowl, Grey Junglefowl, Ceylon Junglefowl and Javan Junglefowl.
A Langshan Chicken is an Asiatic Chicken which is small compared to a Cochin Chicken or Brahma Chicken, but still fairly large in the grander Chicken scheme of things. Langshan cocks can weigh up to 9.5 pounds (4.3 kg) and Langshan hens can grow to 7.5 pounds (3.4 kg). Production The...
The Leghorn Chicken is classified as a Mediterranean Chicken and is used mostly for producing white Eggs. The Northeastern U.S. prefers brown-shelled eggs, and strains of brown egg-laying Leghorn Chickens have been developed to serve this New England market. Production In fact,...
Mediterranean Chickens are generally older breeds developed in antiquity primarily for their Egg production. Mediterranean Chickens tend to be light bodied and have white ear lobes. They also usually produce white-shelled eggs. Varieties Mediterranean Chickens include: the Leghorn...
The Minorca Chicken is a Mediterranean Chicken originally from the island of Minorca off the coast of Spain. The breed was known as early as Roman times. Legend has it that the fowl was an African import traded to the Spanish by the Moors. At one time the Minorca Chicken was known as the...
The Modern Game Chicken is an English breed that was developed in the late 1800’s (between 1850 and 1900). They are not a productive Chicken as either layers or Meat fowl. They were developed for their decorative look and are an attempt by breeders to imitate a gamecock as closely as...
The New Hampshire Red Chicken is a separate breed descended from the Rhode Island Red Chicken that was bred, not surprisingly, in New Hampshire. The New Hampshire Chicken is desirable for its rapid growth and early maturity.
Old English Game Chickens (sometimes called Pure English Game Chickens) are a little bigger than Bantam Chickens and were originally bred for cockfights. Culinary Uses They are not a productive Chicken breed.
The Orpington Chicken carries the name of Orpington, England, where they were bred by William Cook in 1886. Cook crossed Minorca Chickens, Langshan Chickens, and Plymouth Rock Chickens to create a hybrid. The Orpington Chicken is a large, docile bird that is not flighty. They are a...
Some Chicken breeds are used in commercial production of Eggs or Meat but are not classified into any of the other major classes of Chickens for one reason or another. Varieties Other standard breeds include: the Araucana Chicken, the Ameraucana Chicken, the Cubalaya Chicken, the...
The Penedesenca Chicken (formerly known as the Vilafranca Chicken) is a mid-20th Century product of Catalonia, Spain that is classified as a Mediterranean Chicken. The breed was originally standardized as a black breed but now has a number of varieties, including crele, partridge, and...
Plymouth Rock Chickens are a moderate-sized product of 1820 Massachusetts and are American Chickens. The Plymouth Rock Chicken is a large, long-living Chicken with a broad back, a moderately deep, full breast and a single comb. There are a number of varieties including: Barred, Blue,...
Polish Chickens are a small breed, about 4 lbs to 5 lbs on average (1.8 kg to 2.3 kg). They are an ornamental Chicken and classified as a Continental Chicken because they originate in Poland. Polish Chickens have a huge bouffant hairdo (Crest) and a v-shaped comb. They are a tame breed...
Rhode Island Chickens are subdivided into the popular Rhode Island Red and the less known Rhode Island White. Despite the similar name, Rhode Island White Chickens are not just a white version of the Rhode Island Red Chicken. They are in fact a separate, white-colored breed that also...
The Scots Grey Chicken, also known as the Scotch Grey Chicken, is a striped Chicken (poultry people call it “Barred” or “Cuckoo”) from Scotland. Scots Grey Chickens are not a very commercial breed and are actually classified as endangered among enthusiasts.
Production The Sebright Chicken is an ornamental breed and not used commercially for either Meat production or Egg production.
A Sumatran Chicken is a “royal” looking bird with a long flowing tail and up to three spurs per leg. It is a decent winter layer of white (or lightly tinted) Eggs, with good mothering skills. The Sumatra Chicken seems akin to the Yokohama Chicken and the Cubalaya Chicken...
The Sussex Chicken is an old breed, dating back to 43 AD and the Roman occupation of Britain. The Sussex Chicken is a good forager and a popular backyard chicken around the world. They can go broody (exhibit extreme chicken maternalism). Culinary Uses It is one of the best...
The Wyandotte Chicken is a medium-sized, dual purpose/utility Chicken breed that are classified as an American Chicken. The Wyandotte Chicken has a well-rounded body with a rose comb and clean, un-feathered legs. Wyandotte Chickens are a good choice of Chicken for the beginner...
The Yokohama Chicken sounds like it should be an Asiatic Chicken, but is actually classified with the Other Standard Chickens because it was developed in Germany from long-tailed, Japanese Minohiki and Jitori chickens in the late 1800’s. The Yokohama Chicken has brilliant, white...