Buckeye Chicken
Resources > Food > Meat > Poultry > Chicken Breeds > Buckeye Chicken

Are you a Smart Kitchen™ Chef?

Try it FREE or take a TOUR to explore Smart Kitchen!
+ -



As you may have guessed, Buckeye Chickens were developed in the state of Ohio. They were developed by Mrs. Nettie Metcalf from Warren, Ohio before 1896. Mrs. Metcalf mated a buff colored Chochin Chicken Rooster with a barrel colored Plymouth Chicken hen. She was not happy with the result and mated them with a black-breasted Red Modern Game Chicken, which led to the red offspring that started the breed. The Buckeye Chicken is the only domestic Chicken breed developed by a woman.

Buckeye Chickens have a unique body structure and shape. They have a slanted shape, a short but broad back with very meaty thighs and powerful wings and breasts. The Buckeye Chicken is not used much in production anymore and is actually a “Threatened” breed.


Buckeye Chickens lay medium-sized brown eggs and they have a deep, lustrous red colored plumage with yellow legs and skin and a pea comb. Buckeye roosters weigh around 9 lbs (4.1 kg), while hens weigh approximately 6 to 7 pounds (2.7 kg to 3.2 kg).

Culinary Uses

The Buckeye Chicken is a dual purpose/utility breed American Chicken that is useful for both Egg production and Meat production. Buckeyes are active Chickens that are especially suited to Free Range husbandry.  Some knowledgeable parties even compare them to cats because of their aggressiveness and mousing ability.