Hot Peppers
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This Smart Kitchen Resource Page is dedicated to just listing out some of the Hot Peppers that are commonly found at retail. In the list of Hot Peppers, you will find Peppers with heat, wild heat and crazy heat as measured in Scoville Units.  

The Sweet Peppers are listed in the List of Sweet Peppers. If you want to know more about either Sweet Peppers or Hot Peppers just follow the specific link to their separate Resource pages. If you want to know more about Peppers generally navigate to the General Peppers Resource.

Note: In general, every Pepper plant produces a few “rebel” Peppers. This means that you might buy milder Peppers in the market, and when you get home and eat them, one may be surprisingly hot.  There is unfortunately no way of predicting which individual mild Pepper will contain extra heat.  We just don’t want you to think you bought the wrong Pepper if it happens.  You didn’t; you just got the “rebel.”

Varieties

African Bird’s Eye Chili Peppers (aka Piri-Piri or Pili Pili Peppers)

Ají Peppers (Ají Amarillo, Ají Ayucllo, Ají Caballerro, Ají Limo, Ají Limon (aka Ají Lemon Drop); Aleppo Peppers; Bhut Jolokia (aka Ghost Pepper) (there are also some sweet Aji varieties)

Carolina Reaper

Cascabel Peppers

Cayenne Peppers

Christmas Bell Peppers (aka Bishop’s Crown Peppers)

Datil Peppers

De Árbol Peppers

Fatalii Peppers

Habanero Peppers

Jalapeño Peppers (when dried they become, Chipotle Peppers)

Malagueta Pepper

Mirasol Peppers (includes Guajillo Peppers and Costeño Peppers)

Mulato Peppers (see note in Naming Peppers section)

New Mexican Peppers (includes Fresno Peppers) (there are both Hot and Sweet New Mexican varieties)

Ornamental Peppers (which are edible) (includes Fips Peppers and Peter Peppers)

Pasilla Peppers

Piquín Peppers (aka Bird Peppers or Chiltepín Peppers)

Red Cheese Peppers

Rocoto Peppers

Rocotillo Peppers (not the same as Rocoto)

Santaka Peppers (aka Hontaka Peppers)

Scotch Bonnets

Serrano Peppers;

Siling Labuyo Peppers

Tabasco Peppers

Thai Chile Peppers

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion

The group of Uchu Peppers (including Kellu Uchu, Chinchi Uchu and Puca Uchu and others)

Uvilla Grande Peppers

Wax Peppers (includes Floral Gem Peppers, Hungarian Wax Peppers (aka Yellow Hot or Yellow Wax Peppers) There are both Hot and Sweet varieties of Wax Peppers)

Santa Fe Grande Peppers

Culinary Uses

Portion Size

Pairings

Substitutes

Nutritional Value

Nutrition

Gluten Free

Yes

Low Fat

Yes

Low Calorie

Yes