Jícama or Mexican Yam is the Edible, Tuberous Root of a Plant in the Legume Family. The Seeds are poisonous.
Jicama
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Jícama, (scientifically Pachyrhizus erosus ) also known as Mexican Yam, Yam Bean or Mexican Turnip, is the tuberous root of a very poisonous vine native to Mexico. The seeds of the vine contain Rotenone, a toxin used as bug poison.

The root, except for a yellow/brown, papery skin of the root is mostly edible. The interior is crisp and sweet and a creamy, white color. The texture is similar to an actual tuber like the potato.

Season

Jicama peak season starts in October and ends in June.

Availability

Jicama is available all year long.

Cultivation

The Jícama vine can grow to a height of 13 feet (4 meters) or more. The edible root gets large as well, and can weigh 44 pounds (20 kg) and be 6.5 feet (2 meters) long. 

Purchasing

When purchasing Jícama look for a nice yellow/brown color without blemishes or wrinkles. The vegetable should also be firm to the touch.

Storage

The best way to store Jícama is in a cool dry place. It should not be refrigerated. Even at room temperature, a fresh Jícama root can keep for a few months (1-2).

Culinary Uses

In the kitchen, Jícama is usually served raw, sometimes seasoned with SaltLemonLimeCilantroGingerChili PowderRed OnionSoy SauceSesame Oil, etc. Raw, it can also be used in Salads, for Crudités or cut into chip sized wedges and used to dip into Salsa.

Cooked, Jícama is often an ingredient in or an accompaniment for Grilled Meats (like Fish), Soups and even Stir Frys.

Portion Size

Allow 1/4 of a Jicama per person.

Substitutes

Celery, Chestnuts, Radish

Nutritional Value USDA
YAMBEAN (JICAMA),RAW
Amount Per 100g
Calories 38
%Daily Value*
 
0%
Total Fat 0g
0%
Saturated Fat 0g
Polyunsaturated Fat 0g
Monounsaturated Fat 0g
0%
Cholesterol 0mg
0%
Sodium 4mg
3%
Potassium 150mg
2%
Total Carbohydrate 8g
16%
Dietary Fiber 4g
Sugars 1g
Protein 0g
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Nutrition

Jícama is 80% to 90% water but it does have high levels of carbohydrates and dietary fiber. It is also high in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Calcium and Phosphorus.

Gluten Free

Yes

Low Fat

Yes

Low Calorie

Yes