The Chinese Gooseberry, originally from China, is a Good Meat Tenderizer and very High in Vitamin C.
Kiwi
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The Kiwi Fruit, originally called the Chinese Gooseberry because it was native to the Yangtze Valley of China, grows as a berry on the fruiting kiwi vine (Actinidia deliciosa) which is large, woody, and deciduous.

Season

Kiwis grow on vines and are harvested winter through spring in warmer and temperate areas. They are generally considered a Spring Fruit.

Availability

Kiwis are available year round.

Cultivation

Production

Though Kiwis have been under cultivation for more than 100 years outside of China (first planted in New Zealand in 1906), the Kiwi Fruit did not catch on with westerners until the 60's, when Ziel & Co of San Francisco, CA planted Chinese Gooseberries commercially and later marketed them (in the 1970's) as Kiwi Fruits. 

Though U.S. Production is declining, there are still 4,000 acres devoted to growing Kiwi Fruit. New Zealand's crop is worth almost $1 Billion.

Varieties

Purchasing

When buying Kiwi, remember that their skins are thin. Check your selection for bruises and abrasions.  A ripe Kiwi will have a slight "give" if gripped firmly.

Storage

Ripe Kiwis are tart but can be sweetened if stored at room temperature in a paper bag with other sweeter fruits like an apple or pear. Ripe Kiwis will keep for 3-4 days or more at room temperature. Kiwis will last 1-2 weeks refrigerated and approximetly 1 year frozen.

Culinary Uses

Kiwis complement Citrus Fruits & Tropical Fruits very well. With a fuzzy brown exterior and sweet/tart chartreuse interior flesh, Kiwis are hard to beat fresh. Kiwis contain an enzyme, as do Papayas and Bananas, that is a very effective Meat Tenderizer and useful in Meat Marinades.

Before using Kiwis, wash off any grime so your Knife does not track the grime, and any Pathogens tagging along, into your preparation.

Portion Size

Allow 1/2-1 Kiwi per person.

Pairings

Hazelnuts, Macadamia Nuts, Bananas, Cherries, Coconut, Grapefruit, Lemons, Limes, Mangoes, Oranges, Papaya, Passion Fruit, Pineapple, Strawberries, Cream, Honey, Sugar, Wine, Champagne

Nutritional Value

Nutritional Value USDA
KIWIFRUIT,GRN,RAW
Amount Per 100g
Calories 61
%Daily Value*
 
0%
Total Fat 0g
0%
Saturated Fat 0g
Polyunsaturated Fat 0g
Monounsaturated Fat 0g
0%
Cholesterol 0mg
0%
Sodium 3mg
6%
Potassium 312mg
4%
Total Carbohydrate 14g
12%
Dietary Fiber 3g
Sugars 8g
Protein 1g
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Nutrition

Kiwis are high in Vitamin C.

Gluten Free

Yes

Low Fat

Yes

Low Calorie

Yes