Types of Grains
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Varieties

Barley: Grown for malting and feeding livestock on land too cold or poor for wheat. 

Buckwheat: A Pseudo-Cereal used in Eurasia. Major Western uses include Pancakes & Groats from the minimally processed grain itself.  

Cornsee Maize below. 

Fonio: Several Varieties of small grains that are grown as food crops in Africa. 

Maize: (CornA staple food of peoples in North America, South America, Africa & of livestock worldwide. 

Millets: A group of similar but distinct cereals that form an important staple food in Asia & Africa. 

Oats: Formerly the staple food of Scotland and popular worldwide for Livestock.  

Quinoa: A nutrient-rich Pseudo-Cereal grown in the Andes, Quinoa is very high in protein (12-18%), is Gluten-Free, and boasts a balanced set of amino acids. In addition, it is high in dietary fiber and minerals.  It can be served as a grain at dinner (instead of rice, for example), and can also be sweetened and served as a breakfast cereal (an alternative to oatmeal). 

Rice: The primary cereal of tropical and some temperate regions. 

Rye: Important in cold climates. 

Sorghum: An important staple food in Asia & Africa. Popular worldwide for livestock. 

TriticaleA hybrid (naturally bred, as opposed to a Genetically Modified Hybrid) of Wheat & Rye, that is grown similarly to Rye. 

WheatThe primary cereal of temperate regions. A wheat berry (also wheatberry) is the entire wheat kernel.

Gluten Free

Varies

Low Fat

Varies

Low Calorie

Varies